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Écologie historique et ancienneté de l’état boisé : concepts, avancées et perspectives de la recherche

Abstract : French forest area has doubled since the beginning of the 19th century. At least half of forests grow on formerly cultivated land, rangeland or heathland. This article reviews knowledge about the key role played by past land-uses in forest ecosystems, in particular in the diversity and composition of the flora and of wildlife. The authors begin by defining the concepts relating to forest continuity and ancient forests. They go on to present developments in historical sources that enable changes in land uses over the last 200 years to be reconstructed. A summary of the knowledge pertaining to response of forest species and communities to forest continuity both at the local and the landscape levels is provided. Finally, the article examines the implications for forest management and conservation and identifies the main areas for future research in historical forest ecology.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 24, 2021 - 5:35:41 PM
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Laurent Bergès, J.L. Dupouey. Écologie historique et ancienneté de l’état boisé : concepts, avancées et perspectives de la recherche. Revue forestière française, AgroParisTech, 2017, 69 (4), pp.297-318. ⟨10.4267/2042/67863⟩. ⟨hal-02608143⟩

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