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Droplet impacts on cold surfaces

Abstract : We study drop impact for the case where the impacted surface is cooled below the freezing temperature of the liquid droplet. The freezing is found to affect the spreading dynamics of the impacting drops and, thus, the degree of surface coverage. The cooling of the surface leads to the arrest of the three-phase contact line, impeding droplet spreading and, thus, drastically reducing the maximum spreading diameter. Besides the surface temperature, the impact speed is also an important parameter: the higher the impact speed, the more the droplet spreads before arrest. Based on experimental observations of droplet impacts using two different liquids and two different substrates, we show using a combination of experiments and a one-dimensional freezing model, that droplet arrest occurs when a solid layer of the liquid forms on the substrate: droplet arrest occurs when this solid layer reaches a well-defined critical thickness. We then devise a simple model that efficiently predicts the maximum spreading diameter of droplets impinging, at different velocities, and freezing onto surfaces maintained at different temperatures below the liquid freezing point.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 28, 2022 - 3:48:49 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 1, 2022 - 8:44:02 AM


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B. Gorin, D. Bonn, H. Kellay. Droplet impacts on cold surfaces. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2022, 944, pp.A23. ⟨10.1017/jfm.2022.493⟩. ⟨hal-03707419⟩



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