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Colloidal transport of lipid digesta in human and porcine small intestinal mucus

Abstract : Small intestinal mucus transport of food-derived particulates has not been extensively studied, despite mucus being a barrier nutrients need to cross before absorption. We used complex dispersions of digesta obtained from simulated, dynamic gastrointestinal digestion of yogurt to examine the penetrability of human and porcine mucus to the particles formed of lipolysis products. Quantitative, time-lapse confocal microscopy revealed a sieve-like behaviour of the pig jejunal and ileal mucus. The digesta diffusivity decreased significantly over the first 30 min of mucus penetration, and then remained constant at ca. 5 × 10-12 m 2 s − 1 (approx. 70% decrease from initial values). A non-significantly different penetrability was recorded for the ileal mucus of adult humans. The digesta diffusion rates in neonatal, jejunal mucus of 2 week old piglets were 5-8 times higher than in the three different types of adult mucus. This is the first report that validates the mucus of fully-grown pigs as a human-relevant substitute for mucus permeation studies of nutrients/bio-actives and/or complex colloidal dispersions (e.g., post-digestion food particulates, orally-administrated delivery systems).
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Adam Macierzanka, Olivia Ménard, Didier Dupont, Krzysztof Gutkowski, Robert Staroń, et al.. Colloidal transport of lipid digesta in human and porcine small intestinal mucus. Food Research International, Elsevier, 2020, 138, pp.109752. ⟨10.1016/j.foodres.2020.109752⟩. ⟨hal-02975840⟩

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