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Molecular characterization of Streptococcus pyogenes isolates to investigate an outbreak of puerperal sepsis

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To describe microbiological characteristics and epidemiologic features of an outbreak of postpartum endometritis. METHODS: Various markers were investigated in five patients and three throat carriage isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes obtained during an outbreak of endometritis occurring in a 13-week period. Molecular characterization included biotyping, T-serotyping, emm gene sequence and restriction, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. RESULTS: Biotype, T-serotype, and genotypic data (emm analysis, PFGE, and RAPD analysis) revealed a close relationship among the isolates from three patients, suggesting that cross-contamination had occurred. These isolates were biotype 1, T type 28, and emm type 28. The isolates from one patient and one carrier differed from those of the index patient by minor variations of the emm amplicon restriction pattern, PFGE pattern, or RAPD pattern. The remaining isolates were phenotypically and genetically different. CONCLUSION: Identification of different isolates demonstrated that different strains may circulate simultaneously during a true outbreak and that the predominant strain might persist for several months.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00405500
Contributeur : Ingrid Bucek <>
Soumis le : lundi 20 juillet 2009 - 15:42:03
Dernière modification le : lundi 22 janvier 2018 - 11:12:37

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Jean Raymond, L. Schlegel, Fabien Garnier, R.R. Facklam, A. Bouvet. Molecular characterization of Streptococcus pyogenes isolates to investigate an outbreak of puerperal sepsis. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, University of Chicago Press, 2005, 26 (5), pp.455-461. ⟨10.1086/502567⟩. ⟨hal-00405500⟩

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