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Investigation of the sintering mechanisms of kaolin-muscovite

Abstract : Kaolin Kga-1b and a muscovite from Bihar (India) and their mixtures were used to investigate the densifying mechanisms during the sintering. The kaolin-muscovite mixtures containing up to 25 mass% muscovite were studied by isothermal and non-isothermal methods such as the step-wise isothermal Dorn method and the constant heating rate developed by Bannister (1968) and Woolfrey and Bannister (1972). The densification of the reference proceeded through a viscous flow sintering due to the amorphous phases and diffusion at the grain boundaries at high temperatures (> 1200 °C). The activation energy was between 115 kJ/mol and 250 kJ/mol, with a peak value of 650 kJ/mol around 1250 °C due to the formation of mullite. The same trend was observed when 10 mass% muscovite were added. However, the densification started at 1000 °C and the related activation energy was 500 to 700 kJ/mol because of the formation of high-temperature phases (leucite and mullite). At muscovite contents > 10 mass%, the linear shrinkage was more sensitive to the muscovite dehydroxylaton. The densification was also controlled by grain boundary diffusion and viscous flow up to 1300 °C. Beyond this temperature, a dissolution-limited liquid sintering mechanism proceeded up to the end of sintering. The presence of crystallites, despite a larger amount of the viscous melt, led to a lower densification rate. The activation energy was below 250 kJ/mol.
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Soumis le : jeudi 13 octobre 2011 - 14:22:24
Dernière modification le : lundi 22 janvier 2018 - 14:36:01

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Gisèle Laure Lecomte-Nana, Jean-Pierre Bonnet, Philippe Blanchart. Investigation of the sintering mechanisms of kaolin-muscovite. Applied Clay Science, Elsevier, 2011, 51 (4), pp.445-451. ⟨10.1016/j.clay.2011.01.007⟩. ⟨hal-00632084⟩

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