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Activating NOTCH3 mutation in a patient with small-vessel-disease of the brain

Abstract : The most common causative diagnosis of hereditary small-vessel-disease of the brain, CADASIL, is due to highly stereotyped mutations in the NOTCH3 receptor. NOTCH3 has 33 exons but all CADASIL mutations occur within the Epidermal Growth Factor-like Repeats encoded by exons 2-24, lead to an odd number of cysteine residues and are associated with GOM deposits and abnormal NOTCH3 protein accumulation. The majority of CADASIL mutations appear to retain normal level of signaling activity, while very few mutations show reduced activity. Herein we identified a novel heterozygous missense mutation (c.4544T>C) in exon 25 of NOTCH3 in a patient with cerebral small-vessel-disease but lacking GOM deposits and NOTCH3 accumulation. The mutation should result in a p.L1515P substitution in the evolutionarily highly conserved juxtamembranous region of NOTCH3, which constitutes the heterodimerization domain. The p.L1515P mutant exhibits increased canonical NOTCH3 signaling, although in a ligand-independent fashion. Biochemical analysis suggests that the mutation renders NOTCH3 hyperactive through destabilization of the heterodimer. Therefore, our study suggests that the p.L1515P mutation falls in a novel mechanistic class of NOTCH3 mutations and that NOTCH3 activating mutations should be further considered for molecular analysis of patients with cerebral small-vessel-disease.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00650736
Contributeur : Franck Sturtz <>
Soumis le : lundi 12 décembre 2011 - 10:53:31
Dernière modification le : mardi 20 mars 2018 - 16:36:22

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Charles Fouillade, Hugues Chabriat, Florence Riant, Manuèle Mine, Minh Arnoud, et al.. Activating NOTCH3 mutation in a patient with small-vessel-disease of the brain. Human Mutation, Wiley, 2008, 29 (3), pp.452. ⟨10.1002/humu.9527⟩. ⟨hal-00650736⟩

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