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Article Dans Une Revue Chemosphere Année : 2011

Influence of organic matter on arsenic removal by continuous flow electrocoagulation treatment of weakly mineralized waters

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Résumé

The aim of this study is to evaluate and understand the electrocoagulation/flocculation (ECF) process to remove arsenic from both model and natural waters with low mineral content and to compare its performances to the coagulation/flocculation (CF) process already optimized. Experiments were thus conducted with iron electrodes in the same specific treatment conditions (4 ⩽ current density (mA cm−2) ⩽ 33) to study the influence of organic matter on arsenic removal in conditions avoiding the oxidation step usually required to improve As(III) removal. The process performance was evaluated by combining quantification of arsenic residual concentrations and speciation and dissolved organic carbon residual concentrations with zeta potential and turbidity measurements. When compared to CF, ECF presented several disadvantages: (i) lower As(V) removal yield because of the ferrous iron dissolved from the anode and the subsequent negative zeta potential of the colloidal suspension, (ii) higher residual DOC concentrations because of the fractionation of high molecular weight compounds during the treatment leading to compounds less prone to coagulate and (iii) higher residual turbidities because of the charge neutralization mechanisms involved. However, during this process, As(III) was oxidized to As(V) improving considerably its removal whatever the matrix conditions. ECF thus allowed to improve As
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Dates et versions

hal-00654664 , version 1 (22-12-2011)

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Virginie Pallier, Geneviève Feuillade-Cathalifaud, Bernard Serpaud. Influence of organic matter on arsenic removal by continuous flow electrocoagulation treatment of weakly mineralized waters. Chemosphere, 2011, 83 (1), pp.21-28. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.01.038⟩. ⟨hal-00654664⟩
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