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Dissolution of anisotropic colloidal mineral particles: Evidence for basal surface reactivity of nontronite

Abstract : Anisotropic textural and crystallographic properties of phyllosilicate particles often influence the mineral weathering rate. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the changes in mineral surfaces (basal vs. edge) as a result of changes in crystal size control the dissolution of the mineral. Different nano-size fractions of Na-exchanged nontronites (NAu2 and NAu1) were immobilized in a silica gel and then incubated under acidic conditions using HNO3 at 28 °C for 5 days. For each sample, the dissolution behavior was analyzed by measuring the amount of iron released from the mineral lattice. The results showed that for a given pH, a decrease in particle size significantly increased NAu2 and NAu1 dissolution. At pH 1.5, 7.2% of the total iron of the highest size sample of NAu2 was released in solution whereas this proportion increased up to 25% for the smallest size fraction. The percentage of total iron extracted from NAu1 at the same pH (1.5) was less important: 3.5% and 6.5% for higher and smaller size fractions, respectively. The observed increase in dissolution was not directly correlated to the increase in the amount of edge faces, suggesting that all mineral surfaces contributed to mineral dissolution. In the present case this may be related to the fact that 8% and 2% of total iron of NAu2 and NAu1, respectively, are located in the tetrahedral sheet. In conclusion, the basal surface of nontronites plays an important role in the weathering process.
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Contributeur : Claire Douady <>
Soumis le : vendredi 13 janvier 2012 - 11:45:21
Dernière modification le : lundi 24 septembre 2018 - 09:42:17

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Malagorzata Grybos, Laurent J. Michot, Skiba Michal, Patrick Billard, Christian Mustin. Dissolution of anisotropic colloidal mineral particles: Evidence for basal surface reactivity of nontronite. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 2010, 343 (2), pp.433-438. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2009.11.058⟩. ⟨hal-00659636⟩

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