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Generics and substitution modalities: proposed methods for the evaluation of equivalence, traceability and pharmacovigilance reporting.

Abstract : The use of generics results in savings for the budget of the health insurance, and no player of health could question seriously the principle. The generic drug of a reference medicinal product defines itself as a drug having the same qualitative and quantitative composition in active ingredients, the same dosage form and the bioequivalence with this reference medicinal product was demonstrated by appropriate studies of bioavailability. It is the right to switch granted to the pharmacists in 1999 that is at the origin of the real development of these specialties on the French pharmaceutical market. Nevertheless, about 10 years later, it seems that the system in place does not offer all the necessary securities with regard to pharmacovigilance, notably for the products with narrow therapeutic margin. By strengthening and/or by completing the role played by the health care professionals and the public institutions concerned, it is highly possible to improve the robustness of the system. Also, the recent arrival in Europe of the biosimilars, similar molecules but not bioequivalent to biological products, cause an even more tricky specific situation than that of the generics because of their nature, of the difficulty to manufacture them, and of the risk of immunogenicity. If the substitution is not permitted in several European countries including France, the other issues can appear especially in case of interchangeability requiring also, the reinforcement of certain measures.The various aspects are described in this article with concrete proposals on how the current system can be made safer, both for the generics and the biosimilars.
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Soumis le : mercredi 3 octobre 2012 - 14:50:29
Dernière modification le : lundi 22 janvier 2018 - 11:12:38

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Véronique Lamarque, Louis Merle, Jean Paul Demarez, Non Renseigné. Generics and substitution modalities: proposed methods for the evaluation of equivalence, traceability and pharmacovigilance reporting.. Thérapie, EDP Sciences, 2008, 63 (4), pp.301-9. ⟨10.2515/therapie:2008047⟩. ⟨hal-00738130⟩

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