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Is trace metal release in wetland soils controlled by organic matter mobility or Fe-oxyhydroxides reduction?

Abstract : Aerobic and anaerobic incubation experiments on a wetland soil samples were used to assess the respective roles of organic matter (OM) release, Fe-oxyhydroxides reduction and redox/speciation changes on trace metal mobility during soil reduction. Significant amounts of Cu, Cr, Co, Ni, Pb, U, Th and Rare Earth Elements (REE) were released during anaerobic incubation, and were accompanied by strong Fe(II) and dissolved organic matter (DOM) release. Aerobic incubation at pH 7 also resulted in significant trace metal and DOM release, suggesting that Fe-oxyhydroxide reduction is not the sole mechanism controlling trace metal mobility during soil reduction. Using these results and redox/speciation modeling, four types of trace metal behavior were identified: (i) metals bound to organic matter (OM) and released by DOM release (REE); (ii) metals bound to both OM and Fe-oxyhydroxides, and released by the combined effect of DOM release and Fe(III) reduction (Pb and Ni); (iii) metals bound solely to soil Fe-oxyhydroxides and released by its reductive dissolution (Co); and (iv) metals for which release mechanisms are unclear because their behavior upon reduction is affected by changes in redox state and/or solution speciation (Cu, Cr, U and Th). Even though the process of soil Fe-oxyhydroxide reduction is important in controlling metal mobility in wetland soils, the present study showed that the dominant mechanism for this process is OM release. Thus, OM should be systematically monitored in experimental studies dedicated to understand trace metal mobility in wetland soils. Due to the fact that the process of OM release is mainly controlled by pH variations, the pH is a more crucial parameter than Eh for metal mobility in wetland soils.
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Soumis le : lundi 6 janvier 2014 - 15:34:16
Dernière modification le : jeudi 2 juin 2022 - 14:48:11

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Malgorzata Grybos, Mélanie Davranche, Gérard Gruau, Patrice Petitjean. Is trace metal release in wetland soils controlled by organic matter mobility or Fe-oxyhydroxides reduction?. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2007, 314 (2), pp.490-501. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2007.04.062⟩. ⟨hal-00924249⟩



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