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Human neurocysticercosis: comparison of different diagnostic tests using cerebrospinal fluid.

Abstract : Neurocysticercosis (NC), caused by the larval stage of Taenia solium, is one of the most common parasitic diseases of the central nervous system. The diagnosis of NC is mostly based on costly brain neuroimaging (computed tomography and/or nuclear magnetic resonance), which is rarely accessible in most affected areas. The most sensitive and specific tools for NC diagnosis are imagery techniques. The identification of specific antibodies and antigens is currently used only to support NC diagnosis due to their limited specificity and sensitivity. This study was performed to compare immunodiagnostic assays (antibody detection by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA] and enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blotting [EITB] and HP10 antigen detection by ELISA) with the detection of parasite DNA by PCR amplification of a repetitive element of the parasite genome in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 121 radiologically and clinically characterized NC patients. Patients were divided into six groups according to the stage of the parasites and their localization. The CSF cellularity of each patient was also recorded. When all patients were considered, PCR exhibited the highest sensitivity (95.9%) and variable specificity (80% or 100%) depending on the controls used. The sensitivities of antibody detection by ELISA and EITB were not significantly different, and ELISA identified HP10 antigen mostly when vesicular cysticerci were located in the subarachnoideal basal cisterns. These results can help in the selection of different individual assays or combinations of assays to be used in NC diagnosis according to different requirements.
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Soumis le : jeudi 23 janvier 2014 - 16:01:21
Dernière modification le : vendredi 5 août 2022 - 03:42:31

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Lorraine Michelet, Agnès Fleury, Edda Sciutto, Eric Kendjo, Gladis Fragoso, et al.. Human neurocysticercosis: comparison of different diagnostic tests using cerebrospinal fluid.. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 2011, 49 (1), pp.195-200. ⟨10.1128/JCM.01554-10⟩. ⟨hal-00935535⟩



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