COPPER ACCUMULATION IN A RESERVOIR ECOSYSTEM FOLLOWING COPPER SULFATE TREATMENT (ST. GERMAIN LES BELLES, FRANCE)

Abstract : Copper sulfate (CuSO4) addition to freshwater for phytoplankton control has been practiced for decades, and remains the most effective algicidal treatment for numerous managed water bodies. A reservoir in the centre of France was the site for an investigation of copper distribution in aquatic systems after a copper sulfate treatment. Results of monitoring showed a rapid conversion of dissolved Cu to particulate forms, with significant accumulation in the sediments. Total sediment Cu content increased from approximately 37.7 to 45.4 μg g−1 dry weight after the first treatment. Sequential extraction suggested that a significant portion of the sediment-borne Cu was associated with the organic fraction which may release Cu to the water column, although significant release would occur only under extreme changes in water chemistry. Based upon measured Cu concentrations, flows at the down-stream water, and known mass applied during treatment, mass balance calculations indicated that approximately 17% of the Cu was exported from the reservoir over a 70 day period following a 196 μg L−1 Cu2+ (as CuSO4*5H2O) treatment. Copper bioaccumulation by a moss, Fontinalis antipyretica in the down-stream water showed that it was possible to distinguish between a treated and an untreated area. The impact of copper treatment in the down-stream reservoir could be followed using mosses. There is a distance effect which could be exploited to determine potential copper impact for example. The largest amount of copper was probably adsorbed on downstream sediment or lost in running water. Thirty days after copper sulfate addition, Fontinalis still indicated copper exposure.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00940143
Contributeur : Véronique Deluchat <>
Soumis le : vendredi 31 janvier 2014 - 14:57:12
Dernière modification le : lundi 24 septembre 2018 - 09:42:34

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  • HAL Id : hal-00940143, version 1

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Eric D. Van Hullebusch, Stéphane Chatenet, Véronique Deluchat, Philippe Chazal, Didier Froissard, et al.. COPPER ACCUMULATION IN A RESERVOIR ECOSYSTEM FOLLOWING COPPER SULFATE TREATMENT (ST. GERMAIN LES BELLES, FRANCE). Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Springer Verlag, 2003, 150, pp.3-22. ⟨hal-00940143⟩

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