Physical-chemistry of silica/alkaline silicate interactions during consolidation. Part 1: Effect of cation size

Abstract : The purpose of this work is to identify the effect of the cation nature on mechanisms of the sand consolidation with alkaline silicate solution at low temperature (70 °C). Three diluted lithium, sodium and potassium silicate solutions with [Si] = 2.8 mol/l were used to agglomerate sand composed of grains which mean diameter is 340 μm. According to the cation, different behaviors were observed in terms of the drying time and the material cohesion. Essentially, the drying time increases with decreasing cation size. In contrast, the compressive strength raises when the cation size increases inducing intra-granular rupture highlighted by SEM observations. This could find an explanation in the cation hydration sphere of cations. The strength of the cation-water electrostatic interaction becomes less important as the size of the cations increase leading to more ionic bonds. Despite their strong consolidation, potassium-based materials have a high solubility in water. This result is consistent with the ionic nature of bonds
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01045158
Contributeur : Sylvie Rossignol <>
Soumis le : jeudi 24 juillet 2014 - 16:18:18
Dernière modification le : mercredi 14 février 2018 - 16:21:44

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  • HAL Id : hal-01045158, version 1

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Monique Tohoué Tognonvi, Julien Soro, Sylvie Rossignol. Physical-chemistry of silica/alkaline silicate interactions during consolidation. Part 1: Effect of cation size. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Elsevier, 2012, 358 (1), pp.81. ⟨hal-01045158⟩

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