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Epidemiology, causes, and treatment of epilepsy in sub-Saharan Africa.

Abstract : Epilepsy is a common neurological disease in tropical countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Previous work on epilepsy in sub-Saharan Africa has shown that many cases are severe, partly a result of some specific causes, that it carries a stigma, and that it is not adequately treated in many cases. Many studies on the epidemiology, aetiology, and management of epilepsy in sub-Saharan Africa have been reported in the past 10 years. The prevalence estimated from door-to-door studies is almost double that in Asia, Europe, and North America. The most commonly implicated risk factors are birth trauma, CNS infections, and traumatic brain injury. About 60% of patients with epilepsy receive no antiepileptic treatment, largely for economic and social reasons. Further epidemiological studies should be a priority to improve understanding of possible risk factors and thereby the prevention of epilepsy in Africa, and action should be taken to improve access to treatment.
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Article dans une revue
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Contributeur : Elisabeth Grelier <>
Soumis le : lundi 8 décembre 2014 - 15:01:14
Dernière modification le : mardi 24 mars 2020 - 13:20:04


  • HAL Id : hal-01092288, version 1
  • PUBMED : 25231525



Awa Ba-Diop, Benoît Marin, Michel Druet-Cabanac, Edgard Brice Ngoungou, Charles R Newton, et al.. Epidemiology, causes, and treatment of epilepsy in sub-Saharan Africa.. The Lancet Neurology, Elsevier, 2014, 13 (10), pp.1029-1044. ⟨hal-01092288⟩



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