Texturation of lead-free BaTiO3-based piezoelectric ceramics

Abstract : Nowadays, piezoelectric ceramics are integrated in a wide range of devices, in particular in ultrasonic applications (underwater sonar systems, medical imaging, non-destructive testing…). Most of them use Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 (PZT). However, due to health care and environmental problems, lead content must be reduced in such applications [1]. Recent reviews demonstrated that few lead-free materials families can be considered: the alkaline-niobates (K0.5Na0.5NbO3), the alkaline-bismuth-titanates (Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3) and barium titanate based materials (BaTiO3) [2, 3]. One of the limitations of ceramic materials is their isotropic nature. This is the reason why texturation process has been developed in order to improve their properties in particular electromechanical parameters. The aim of the present study is thus to obtain textured BaTiO3 based materials by using the templated grain growth process (TGG) and to measure their piezoelectric properties. Nanosized BaTiO3 powders were prepared by classical solid state route at relatively low temperature. BaTiO3 templates of different morphologies were elaborated by a molten salts process. Dispersing agent, binder and plasticizer, the mixture of the templates and matrix particles was then dispersed in the appropriated solvent using non-aqueous formulation. The slurry was then tape-casted on plastic film. After drying, the green sheet was cut, stacked, thermo compressed and then sintered at the appropriated temperature. This process allowed obtaining highly-oriented materials with a texturation degree around 95% (fig. 1), presenting Kt values around 35-40%, higher than for non-textured BaTiO3 ceramics. Fig. 1: X-ray diffraction diagram of (tetragonal) textured sample BaTiO3 and (tetragonal) non-textured BaTiO3 ceramic as reference.
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  • HAL Id : hal-01116537, version 1

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A Ngueteu-Kamlo, F Levassort, M Pham Thi, Pascal Marchet. Texturation of lead-free BaTiO3-based piezoelectric ceramics. Electroceramics XIV, Jun 2014, Bucarest, Romania. ⟨hal-01116537⟩

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