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Adverse Drug Reactions Reported With Cholinesterase Inhibitors: An Analysis of 16 Years of Individual Case Safety Reports From VigiBase.

Abstract : No worldwide pharmacovigilance study evaluating the spectrum of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) induced by cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEI) in Alzheimer's disease has been conducted since their emergence on the market. To describe ChEI related ADRs in Alzheimer's disease (donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine) and characterize their seriousness as reported by national pharmacovigilance systems to VigiBase, a World Health Organization International Drug Monitoring Program database, between 1998 and 2013. All ChEI RELATED REPORTS: , submitted to VigiBase between 1998 and 2013 from THE FIVE CONTINENTS: were extracted. Analyses were carried out for general, serious, and nonserious ADRs. A total of 18 955 reports (43 753 ADRs) FROM 58 COUNTRIES: were reported: 60.1% in women; mean age 77.4 ± 9.1 years. Most reports originated from Europe (47.6%) and North America (40.4%). Rivastigmine and donepezil were involved in MOST: reports (41.4% each). The most frequently reported ADRs were neuropsychiatric (31.4%), gastrointestinal (15.9%), general (11.9%), and cardiovascular (11.7%) disorders. During the 2006-2013 period, serious ADRs remained more often reported than nonserious ones; the most serious were neuropsychiatric (34.0%), general (14.0%), cardiovascular (12.1%), and gastrointestinal (11.6%) disorders. Medication errors were reported in 2.0% of serious cases. Death occurred in 2.3% of the reports. This international pharmacovigilance study highlights the ADR pattern induced by ChEIs. Neuropsychiatric events were the most frequently reported ADRs. Serious cardiovascular events were frequently reported, suggesting that their significance has probably been previously underestimated. Given the frailty of the patients and the frequent comedications, caution is advised before introducing a ChEI.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01216405
Contributeur : Jean-Christophe Daviet <>
Soumis le : vendredi 16 octobre 2015 - 11:16:29
Dernière modification le : vendredi 23 mars 2018 - 14:04:04

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  • HAL Id : hal-01216405, version 1
  • PUBMED : 26324356

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Edeltraut Kröger, Marie Mouls, Machelle Wilchesky, Mieke Berkers, Pierre-Hugues Carmichael, et al.. Adverse Drug Reactions Reported With Cholinesterase Inhibitors: An Analysis of 16 Years of Individual Case Safety Reports From VigiBase.. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, SAGE Publications, 2015. ⟨hal-01216405⟩

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