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Article Dans Une Revue Acta Physiologiae Plantarum Année : 2015

Modifications of cell wall pectin in tomato cell suspension in response to cadmium and zinc

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Résumé

Retention of metal cations by the cell wall is a common process found in plants in response to stress induced by the presence of trace metals (TMs). In this study conducted on a tomato cell suspension culture, cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) were added to the medium at maximal concentrations of 0.5 and 2 mM, respectively. We showed that around 50 % of Zn or Cd was confined into the cell wall of tomato cells. Besides, their accumulation in the cell wall increased with the exogenous concentration in the culture medium. Characterization of cell wall pectins showed a decrease in the highly methylesterified pectin fraction whereas the weakly methylesterified pectin remained stable in response to Cd. Moreover, a significant increase in the degree of methylesterification was observed in both fractions. This was probably associated to the reduced pectin methylesterase (PME) activity in the treated cells. Furthermore, linked to a reduction of pectin content we showed a reduced expression of the galacturonosyltransferase QUA1 gene whereas PME1 expression remained unchanged. Taking together, these data strongly suggest that pectin biosynthesis and its modification in the cell wall are strongly regulated in response to TM exposure in tomato cells.
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Dates et versions

hal-01257588 , version 1 (17-01-2016)

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Aurélie Muschitz, Catherine Riou, Jean-Claude Mollet, Vincent Gloaguen, Céline Faugeron. Modifications of cell wall pectin in tomato cell suspension in response to cadmium and zinc. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 2015, 37 (11), pp.245. ⟨10.1007/s11738-015-2000-y⟩. ⟨hal-01257588⟩
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