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Sortilin mediates the release and transfer of exosomes in concert with two tyrosine kinase receptors

Abstract : The transfer of exosomes containing both genetic and protein materials is necessary for the control of the cancer cell microenvironment to promote tumor angiogenesis. The nature and function of proteins found in the exosomal cargo, and the mechanism of their action in membrane transport and related signaling events are not clearly understood. In this study, we demonstrate, in human lung cancer A549 cells, that the exosome release mechanism is closely linked to the multifaceted receptor sortilin (also called neurotensin receptor 3). Sortilin is already known to be important for cancer cell function. Here, we report for the first time its role in the assembly of a tyrosine kinase complex and subsequent exosome release. This new complex (termed the TES complex) is found in exosomes and results in the linkage of the two tyrosine kinase receptors TrkB (also known as NTRK2) and EGFR with sortilin. Using in vitro models, we demonstrate that this sortilin-containing complex exhibits a control on endothelial cells and angiogenesis activation through exosome transfer.
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Soumis le : mardi 5 octobre 2021 - 10:37:08
Dernière modification le : dimanche 26 juin 2022 - 13:22:52
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Wilson et al 2014 Sortilin exo...
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Cornelia M Wilson, Thomas Naves, François Vincent, Boris Melloni, François Bonnaud, et al.. Sortilin mediates the release and transfer of exosomes in concert with two tyrosine kinase receptors. Journal of Cell Science, Company of Biologists, 2014, pp.3983-3997. ⟨10.1242/jcs.149336⟩. ⟨hal-01337622⟩



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