Printable WO3 electron transporting layer for perovskite solar cells: Influence on device performance and stability

Abstract : In this work the differences between two electron transporting materials used as n-type selective contacts for perovskite solar cells cells based on CH3NH3PbI3-xClx are evaluated: the classical titanium dioxide (TiO2) and tungsten oxide (WO3) as a potential alternative. WO3 presents the advantage of being printable and does not require high annealing temperature: allowing cheap, expendable and efficient solar cells. Although few reports have demonstrated the strong potentialities of WO3 as efficient electron transporting layer for perovskite solar cells, we specifically focus our analysis on its influence on device stability. In this context, while solar cell performance under ambient conditions and continuous standard illumination is rapidly decreasing in the presence of WO3, we observe a drastic improvement of device stability in the dark under ambient conditions of WO3-based devices compared to TiO2. Exploiting Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) the lower open-circuit voltage is explained, through transient photoluminescence measurements the crucial role played by oxygen vacancies and moisture is pointed out to rationalize this behavior. Finally, demonstrations of perovskite solar cells containing spincoated or printed WO3 processed under ambient condition and presenting power conversion efficiency close to 10 % are provided.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01415225
Contributeur : Johann Bouclé <>
Soumis le : lundi 12 décembre 2016 - 19:04:37
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:27:37

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Alexandre Gheno, Pham Thi Thu Trang, Catherine Di Bin, Johann Bouclé, Bernard Ratier, et al.. Printable WO3 electron transporting layer for perovskite solar cells: Influence on device performance and stability. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Elsevier, 2017, 161, pp.347-354. 〈10.1016/j.solmat.2016.10.002〉. 〈hal-01415225〉

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