Explanatory factors of adherence to community-based management of epilepsy in Lao PDR

Abstract : A low level of knowledge about epilepsy among health workers, a context of stigmatizing sociocultural beliefs, and a low availability of antiepileptic drugs in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) are major gaps in the medical management of people with epilepsy in this country. OBJECTIVES: The principal objective of the study was to identify the associated factors of adherence to community healthcare structures in Lao PDR. Specific objectives were to evaluate patients' adherence status, practices and knowledge about epilepsy and its care, and factors influencing decision-making on therapeutic interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was an observational cross-sectional survey about knowledge, attitudes, and practices, handled from February to May 2016. Eighty-seven people with epilepsy were identified in two areas in the periphery of Vientiane Capital through an active screening in villages and homes. Semidirective questionnaires were conducted to collect quantitative and qualitative data. Quantitative analysis included a comparison of adherent vs. nonadherent people with epilepsy, using Chi-square or Fisher's test. Advanced qualitative lexical analysis was carried out on the open-ended questions. RESULTS: Sixty-two people with epilepsy were included and the adherence rate to community care was 67.7%. The only sociodemographic variable that differed significantly between adherent and nonadherent members was the income level (p = 0.015): the wealthiest class of people with epilepsy did not adhere to community healthcare. Eleven percent of people with epilepsy thought that epilepsy was contagious, 80.6% that medication may reduce epilepsy seizure rates, and 33.9% that it was possible to cure epilepsy permanently. Physicians informed about the disease in 69.0% of adherent people with epilepsy and in 40.0% of nonadherent ones (p = 0.029), whereas villagers were involved in 29.0% and 50.0% of cases, respectively. There was a significant difference between the two groups for the prescribed antiepileptic drugs (p = 0.012): phenobarbital covered 73.8% of adherent people with epilepsy but only 40% of nonadherent ones. Half of nonadherent people with epilepsy went regularly to a central hospital in the Vientiane Capital, 15.0% went to Thailand, and 10.0% practiced self-medication in occasional mobilities. CONCLUSION: A wider range of antiepileptic drugs at a reduced cost and the promotion of adherence to community healthcare would allow a better management of people with epilepsy in Lao PDR.
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Contributeur : Elisabeth Grelier <>
Soumis le : jeudi 27 septembre 2018 - 14:59:09
Dernière modification le : jeudi 7 février 2019 - 14:53:04

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Mayoura Bounlu, Emilie Auditeau, Somchit Vorachit, Phetvongsinh Chivorakoun, Vimalay Souvong, et al.. Explanatory factors of adherence to community-based management of epilepsy in Lao PDR. Epilepsy and Behavior, Elsevier, 2018, 88, pp.74 - 80. ⟨10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.08.034⟩. ⟨hal-01882893⟩

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