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Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health sciences students regarding epilepsy at the end of their curriculum in Benin

Abstract : The main objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of health sciences students regarding epilepsy at the end of their curriculum in Benin.MethodsWe conducted a cross-sectional survey among medical, pharmacy, nursing, and midwife students in their last year of health sciences training in the University of Abomey-Calavi in Benin. Students completed a self-administered questionnaire, containing items addressing demographics, epilepsy treatment, diagnosis, clinical practice, and social tolerance regarding a person with epilepsy (PWE).ResultsThe response rate to our survey was 87.7% (n = 164). The sample consisted of 64 medical students, 22 pharmacy students, 43 nursing students, and 35 midwife students. They were divided into 95 female subjects and 69 males; sex ratio was 0.7. The mean age of participants was 23.6 ± 1.8 years. The mean scores for epilepsy knowledge, practices, and attitudes were respectively 7.6 ± 1.7 out of a maximum score of 11, 3.9 ± 1.8 out of 8, and 9.6 ± 0.8 out of 10. The KAP overall score was 21.1 ± 3.4 out of a maximum score of 29.0. The variables associated with the overall KAP score were training school, gender, having heard about epilepsy before health sciences studies (p = 0.017), and having a relative with epilepsy (p = 0.001). Male students and medical school students had significantly better overall KAP score than female students or the other training schools respectively (p < 0.001).SignificanceThese findings support the need to improve the health sciences students' knowledge of epilepsy, in particular, during their training.
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Soumis le : jeudi 21 octobre 2021 - 18:14:11
Dernière modification le : samedi 26 mars 2022 - 04:25:29
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Charlemagne Vodougnon, Daniel Gérard, Pierre-Emile Bruand, Emilie Auditeau, Farid Boumédiène, et al.. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health sciences students regarding epilepsy at the end of their curriculum in Benin. Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports, Elsevier, 2019, 92, pp.165-170. ⟨hal-01984607⟩

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