Epidemiology of coronary artery disease and stroke and associated risk factors in Gaza community –Palestine

Abstract : AIM OF STUDY: To determine the prevalence of cardiovascular disease and associated risk factors in the population of Gaza strip in Palestine. METHODS: A cross-sectional stratified cluster sample design was applied in this study. A sample of 2240 participant (1121 males and 1119 females) aged ≥25 years participated in the study. For each individual, trained staff administered a questionnaire, where all variables of interest followed WHO's STEP wise approach to surveillance chronic disease risk factors (STEPS) (WHO, 2001). Sociodemographic data, anthropometric measure (body mass index, blood pressure), and biochemical test (blood sugar and lipids profiles) were measured. Short International Physical Activity (IPAQ) questionnaire form was used. Bivariate analysis and logistic regression were used with SPSS (version 22.0) to analyze the data. RESULTS: The most common condition was coronary artery disease (8.3%), followed by stroke events (3%). The associated risk factors were obesity (47.8%), hypertension (28.4%), current smoking account for (23.2%), diabetes mellitus (19.1%), high cholesterol level (8.8%), and high triglycerides level (40.2%). Additionally, the proportion of being physical active was found to be low (48.3%); particularly with increasing age. More than 30% of the population has less than 4 days of consumption of fruit and vegetables per week and 65.9% has less than 2 servings per day. CONCLUSION: The burden of CVDs and their associated risk factors is considerable in Gaza and represents a major public health concern. Effective strategies in management, education and healthcare centers are required for an accurate management and implementation of preventive measure in this area.
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Soumis le : lundi 4 février 2019 - 11:47:55
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 juillet 2019 - 14:10:09

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  • HAL Id : hal-02005873, version 1

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Amal Jamee Shahwan, Yehia Abed, Iléana Desormais, Julien Magne, Pierre-Marie Preux, et al.. Epidemiology of coronary artery disease and stroke and associated risk factors in Gaza community –Palestine. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2019, 14 (1), pp.e0211131. ⟨hal-02005873⟩

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