Impact of parental separation or divorce on school performance in preterm children: A population-based study

Abstract : The objective of this study was to quantify the possible decrease in school performance at five years of age in preterm children associated with parental separation or divorce, and to test whether this effect varies according to the child's age at the time of the separation. This study included 3,308 infants delivered at < 35 weeks of gestation born between 2003 and 2011 who were enrolled in the population-based LIFT cohort and who had an optimal neurodevelopmental outcome at two years of age. These infants were evaluated by their teachers to assess their abilities and behavior when they had reached five years of age, using the Global School Adaptation (GSA) questionnaire. The mean GSA score was 50.8 points. Parental separations (assessed as parents either living together or living separately) were associated with a decrease in school performance at five years of age, although this was only the case for children who exhibited difficulties at school (3.7 points, p < 0.01). A decrease in school performance only occurred when parental separations took place between 3 and 5 years after the child's birth. Parental separation was associated with a decrease in these children's levels of motivation, autonomy, and manual dexterity. This study indicates that preterm infants of parents who had separated are particularly at risk of a lower scholar performance.
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Contributeur : Elisabeth Grelier <>
Soumis le : jeudi 14 février 2019 - 16:07:10
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 juillet 2019 - 14:10:09

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  • HAL Id : hal-02019616, version 1

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Simon Nusinovici, Bertrand Olliac, Cyril Flamant, Jean-Baptiste Müller, Marion Olivier, et al.. Impact of parental separation or divorce on school performance in preterm children: A population-based study. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2018, 13 (9), pp.e0202080. ⟨hal-02019616⟩

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