Self-reported attitudes about medication in Lebanese people with epilepsy

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a common worldwide neurological disorder. For people with epilepsy (PWE), adherence and attitudes towards medication is a crucial step to improve efficacy of prescribed treatment and to prevent seizures. OBJECTIVES: The first aim of this study was to evaluate attitudes towards antiepileptic medications in Lebanese population. Secondary aims were to assess factors affecting attitudes and associated with epilepsy control. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in outpatient neurology clinics located in Beirut-Lebanon. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Self-report of medication taking behaviors were assessed using the abbreviated (4 items) Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-4). Epilepsy was considered as controlled if the patient had no seizures in the last 6 months. RESULTS: Among 250 PWE recruited in this study, male-to-female ratio was 0.87 (116/134), and 50.8% were married. Mean duration of epilepsy was 13.7 ± 12.8 years. Valproate was the most common antiepileptic drug (AED) used followed by levetiracetam and carbamazepine. About 60.8% of the population presented partial epilepsy. Uncontrolled epilepsy was present in more than half of participants (55.2%), with only 32.4% had positive attitudes to their medication. Positive attitudes towards antiepileptic increased in people who found that their treatment was efficacious (odds ratio (OR) = 4.9; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.2-20.0; p = 0.03), who had controlled epilepsy (OR = 3.4; 95%CI 1.6-7.1; p = 0.001), and who were diagnosed as PWE between the age of 12-20 years (OR = 3.1; 95%CI 1.1-8.4; p = 0.03). Oppositely, these attitudes decreased in participants who felt their treatment as an economic burden (OR = 0.2; 95%CI 0.1-0.4; p ≪ 0.001), and in people with depression (OR = 0.4; 95%CI 0.2-0.9; p = 0.04). Controlled epilepsy was higher in people who contacted a neurologist if seizure occurred, in people with positive attitudes, and after a long duration of disease, but it decreased if patient did not follow neurologist's instructions in fasting period. CONCLUSIONS: Lebanese PWE were less likely to have positive attitudes towards medication, which may lead to poor epilepsy control. Depression and economic burden were the major factors that decreased these attitudes. Identifying factors affecting attitudes to medication and leading to controlled epilepsy may help clinicians to elaborate educational programs to optimize medication adherence.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02274107
Contributeur : Elisabeth Grelier <>
Soumis le : jeudi 29 août 2019 - 15:13:57
Dernière modification le : vendredi 30 août 2019 - 01:19:30

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Lara Mroueh, Farid Boumédiène, Jérémy Jost, Voa Ratsimbazafy, Pierre-Marie Preux, et al.. Self-reported attitudes about medication in Lebanese people with epilepsy. Epilepsy & behavior, 2019, 98, pp.80-87. ⟨10.1016/j.yebeh.2019.06.028⟩. ⟨hal-02274107⟩

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