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Impact of Pulmonary Hypertension on Outcome in Patients with Severe Aortic Stenosis and Preserved Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction

Abstract : AIMS: The prognostic impact of elevated pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) remains controversial in aortic stenosis (AS) and few studies focused on patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). We aimed to investigate the impact of pulmonary hypertension (PH), invasively derived, on survival in severe AS with preserved LVEF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2000 and 2010, 749 patients (74 ± 8 years, 57% males) with preserved LVEF and severe AS without other valvular heart disease underwent cardiac catheterization. PH was defined as mean PAP > 25 mmHg. The mean follow-up was 4.6 ± 3.0 years. Overall, 32% (n = 241) of patients had PH. Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) was performed in 91% of patients with 4.5% of 30-day mortality rate, significantly higher in patients with PH than without PH (7.5 vs. 3.5%, p = 0.014). In logistic regression, PH was an independent predictor of increased 30-day mortality (odds-ratio = 2.2, p = 0.04). Overall long-term survival was significantly reduced in patients with PH as compared to those without (10-year: 52 ± 5 vs. 68 ± 3%, p < 0.0001). Likewise, focusing on patients with SAVR showed significant reduced survival in those with PH (10-year: 57 ± 5 vs. 72 ± 3%, p < 0.0001). In multivariate analysis, after adjustment for relevant cofactors, PH was an independent predictor of mortality (hazard ratio = 1.5, p = 0.009). Using quartiles of mean PAP, only patients with most elevated values (Q4: mean PAP: 27-67mmHg) had significantly reduced survival, as compared to other quartiles (all p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: In patients with severe AS and preserved LVEF, PH is an independent predictor of 30-day and long-term mortality patients. Nevertheless, only severely elevated PAP seems associated with reduced survival.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02316737
Contributeur : Elisabeth Grelier <>
Soumis le : mardi 15 octobre 2019 - 15:11:02
Dernière modification le : mercredi 19 août 2020 - 11:18:46

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Julien Magne, Dania Mohty, Alessandro Piccardo, Cyrille Boulogne, Mathieu Deltreuil, et al.. Impact of Pulmonary Hypertension on Outcome in Patients with Severe Aortic Stenosis and Preserved Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction. Clinical Research in Cardiology, Springer Verlag, 2017, 106 (7), pp.542-550. ⟨10.1007/s00392-017-1085-2⟩. ⟨hal-02316737⟩

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