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Post-stroke Complications and Mortality in Burkinabè Hospitals: Relationships with Deglutition Disorders and Nutritional Status

Abstract : Stroke frequently causes deglutition disorders, leading to a decline in nutritional status and complications, and increasing mortality. Sub-Saharan data are scarce. The objectives of this study were to assess complications and mortality among hospitalized patients in Burkina Faso during the first two weeks after stroke, and to investigate associated factors. Patients with stroke were followed prospectively in Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso hospitals. Deglutition disorders and nutritional parameters were assessed at baseline (D0) and on Days 8 (D8) and 14 (D14). Complications and mortality were recorded up to D14. Factors associated with complications and mortality were investigated using multivariate analysis. Of the 222 patients included, 81.5% developed at least one complication, and mortality was 17.1%. At D0, D8, and D14, the rate of deglutition disorders was 37.4%, 28.4%, and 15.8%, respectively, and that of undernourishment 25.2%, 29.4%, and 31.0%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, only the presence of deglutition disorders was a risk factor for developing at least one complication (OR = 5.47, 95% CI 1.81–16.51). Factors predicting death were the presence of deglutition disorders at D0 (OR = 7.19, 95% CI 3.10–16.66), and at least one seizure during follow-up (OR = 3.69, 95% CI 1.63–8.36). After stroke, the rates of complications, death, and undernourishment were high compared to Western countries. Prevention and management of deglutition disorders, and specific follow-up of patients with seizures could reduce post-stroke mortality.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02862129
Contributeur : Elisabeth Grelier <>
Soumis le : mardi 9 juin 2020 - 12:18:18
Dernière modification le : mercredi 10 juin 2020 - 16:43:25

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Athanase Millogo, Fayemendy Philippe, Jean Kaboré, Christian Napon, Anselme Dabilgou, et al.. Post-stroke Complications and Mortality in Burkinabè Hospitals: Relationships with Deglutition Disorders and Nutritional Status. Dysphagia, Springer Verlag, 2020, ⟨10.1007/s00455-020-10111-4⟩. ⟨hal-02862129⟩

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