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Epidemiology of peripheral artery disease in Palestine

Abstract : Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is one of the most common manifestations of atherosclerosis affecting more than 200 million people globally but little is known about its epidemiology in Middle East populations, particularly in Arab countries. The present study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of PAD in the general population aged 40 years and more in Gaza-Palestine, and to determine the prevalence of its associated risk factors. Patients and methods: The study design was a cross-sectional with a stratified proportional sampling, involving the five governorates in Gaza Strip. We selected 1490 individuals aged age ≥ 40 years living in the area for more than 3 years. The questionnaire on lifestyle and cardiovascular risk factors was applied and the ankle-brachial index (ABI) was measured by Doppler examination in both legs in all participants. PAD was defined as an ABI ≤ 0.90. We excluded 92 participants (6 %) because of missing ABI or ABI > 1.40. Results: One-half of the 1398 participants had at least two associated cardiovascular risk factors, one-third were on aspirin and 15 % on statins. Overall, we found PAD in 191 (13.7 %) cases. This prevalence increased with age, and 18.7 % of adults older than 65 years had PAD. The prevalence was higher in females than in males (respectively 15.6 % vs 11.6 % p = 0.031). In the multivariate logistic regression model, significant associated factors with PAD in males were CAD (OR: 3.5; 95 % CI: 1.4-8.6), hypertension (OR: 2.8; 95 % CI: 1.3-6.1), and current smoking (OR: 2.7; 95 % CI: 1.1-6.6). In women, hypertension remains the main associated risk factor. Conclusions: Our study highlights the high prevalence of PAD in the Gazan community, mostly related to the high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and other cardiovascular conditions.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02863794
Contributeur : Elisabeth Grelier <>
Soumis le : mercredi 10 juin 2020 - 15:43:27
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 juin 2020 - 03:40:43

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Amal Jamee, Victor Aboyans, Julien Magne, Mohammed Elhendy, Pierre Marie Preux, et al.. Epidemiology of peripheral artery disease in Palestine. VASA, Hogrefe, 2020, pp.1-7. ⟨10.1024/0301-1526/a000871⟩. ⟨hal-02863794⟩

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