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Synthesis and characterization of xylan-graft-poly( L -lactide)

Abstract : In this study, xylan extracted from chestnut sawdust was used to synthesize the copolymers of xylan-graft-poly(L-lactide) (xylan-g-PLLA) by grafting L-lactide monomer onto xylan and using 4-dimethylaminopyridine as a catalyst at 80 degrees C. Depending on the synthesis conditions and parameters, synthesized xylan-g-PLLAs were either water-soluble which form homogeneous plastic films after drying at room temperature or water-insoluble ones which do not form films at all. A Graeco-Latin design of experiments was used to determine the effects of three factors (reaction time, amount of L-lactide, and amount of the catalyst) on the results of the grafting reaction: the degree of substitution (DS) and the degree of polymerization (DP) of the copolymers. The DS and DP determined by (HNMR)-H-1 showed that they increase according to the amount of L-lactide and decrease according to the reaction time while the catalyst had no influence on the copolymerization reaction. Grafting of PLLA onto xylan was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and (HNMR)-H-1 analyzes. FT-IR spectra showed absorption bands at 1,784cm(-1) characteristic of the ester functions (CO) and (HNMR)-H-1 spectra revealed signals between 1 and 2.5ppm corresponding to the protons of the aliphatic chains. Thermal properties show that the temperatures of start of degradation of copolymers are lower than those of PLLA and xylan. The N,N-dimethylacetamide results showed that the glass transition temperature of xylan-g-PLLA film was 147 degrees C. We found that the Young's modulus of this film is close to that of polypropylene.
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Contributeur : Vincent Sol <>
Soumis le : jeudi 9 juillet 2020 - 20:04:28
Dernière modification le : mardi 4 mai 2021 - 14:33:40




Djamila Kerrouche, Tahar Sadoun, Nabila Rouba, G. Sotclet, Vincent Sol, et al.. Synthesis and characterization of xylan-graft-poly( L -lactide). International Journal of Polymer Analysis and Characterization, Taylor & Francis, 2018, 23 (3), pp.193-206. ⟨10.1080/1023666X.2017.1410008⟩. ⟨hal-02895594⟩



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