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Plasmonic Metasensors Based on 2D Hybrid Atomically Thin Perovskite Nanomaterials

Abstract : In this work, we have designed highly sensitive plasmonic metasensors based on atomically thin perovskite nanomaterials with a detection limit up to 10 −10 refractive index units (RIU) for the target sample solutions. More importantly, we have improved phase singularity detection with the Goos-Hänchen (GH) effect. The GH shift is known to be closely related to optical phase signal changes; it is much more sensitive and sharp than the phase signal in the plasmonic condition, while the experimental measurement setup is much more compact than that of the commonly used interferometer scheme to exact the phase signals. Here, we have demonstrated that plasmonic sensitivity can reach a record-high value of 1.2862 × 10 9 µm/RIU with the optimum configurations for the plasmonic metasensors. The phase singularity-induced GH shift is more than three orders of magnitude larger than those achievable in other metamaterial schemes, including Ag/TiO 2 hyperbolic multilayer metamaterials (HMMs), metal-insulator-metal (MIM) multilayer waveguides with plasmon-induced transparency (PIT), and metasurface devices with a large phase gradient. GH sensitivity has been improved by more than 10 6 times with the atomically thin perovskite metasurfaces (1.2862 × 10 9 µm/RIU) than those without (918.9167 µm/RIU). The atomically thin perovskite nanomaterials with high absorption rates enable precise tuning of the depth of the plasmonic resonance dip. As such, one can optimize the structure to reach near zero-reflection at the resonance angle and the associated sharp phase singularity, which leads to a strongly enhanced GH lateral shift at the sensor interface. By integrating the 2D perovskite nanolayer into a metasurface structure, a strong localized electric field enhancement can be realized and GH sensitivity was further improved to 1.5458 × 10 9 µm/RIU. We believe that this enhanced electric field together with the significantly improved GH shift would enable single molecular or even submolecular detection for hard-to-identify chemical and biological markers, including single nucleotide mismatch in the DNA sequence, toxic heavy metal ions, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα).
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Contributeur : Sylvain Vedraine <>
Soumis le : mardi 8 septembre 2020 - 15:46:43
Dernière modification le : mercredi 14 octobre 2020 - 04:08:43

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Shuwen Zeng, Guozhen Liang, Alexandre Gheno, Sylvain Vedraine, Bernard Ratier, et al.. Plasmonic Metasensors Based on 2D Hybrid Atomically Thin Perovskite Nanomaterials. Nanomaterials, MDPI, 2020, 10 (7), pp.1289. ⟨10.3390/nano10071289⟩. ⟨hal-02896020v2⟩

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