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Pré-publication, Document de travail

Individualism, formal institutional environment and bank capital decisions

Abstract : We examine the effect of informal institutional environment on bank capital decisions worldwide as well as within the United States at the state level. Specifically, we focus on individualism and based on a sample of 7,034 banks in 68 countries, we establish three major findings: First, individualism is negatively and significantly associated with bank regulatory capital, an association which is independent of the influence of formal institutional environment per se. Second, effective legal enforcement magnifies the negative effect of individualism on bank regulatory capital. Finally, focusing on a single country, the United States, we also find that banks in individualistic states hold less regulatory capital than banks in collectivist states and the effect of individualism is magnified with effective legal enforcement at the state level. Our findings suggest that individualism serves as a constraint on regulators, as any given regulatory guidelines or formal institutional factors will operate very differently depending on the informal institutional environment.
Type de document :
Pré-publication, Document de travail
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Soumis le : lundi 12 octobre 2020 - 15:30:22
Dernière modification le : mercredi 3 novembre 2021 - 08:24:30
Archivage à long terme le : : mercredi 13 janvier 2021 - 19:08:40


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  • HAL Id : hal-02964610, version 1



Mohammad Bitar, Amine Tarazi. Individualism, formal institutional environment and bank capital decisions. 2020. ⟨hal-02964610⟩



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