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Prevalence of the major neurological disorders in a semi-urban community in northern Benin

Abstract : Background: Neurological disorders are some of the most disabling diseases. Epidemiological data on their incidence in Benin are scarce. Objective: The prevalence of major neurological diseases among people older than 15 years was investigated in Titirou. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study and door-to-door survey which took place from June 10 to August 30, 2014, in the district of Titirou and included 1094 persons. The diagnosis of migraine, tension-type headaches, epilepsy, peripheral neuropathies, stroke, parkinsonism, Parkinson's disease and dementia were conducted using a validated screening questionnaire, neurological examination and standard diagnostics criteria. Results: They were aged from 16 to 85 with a mean age of 29.8 +/− 12.9 years. Forty five percent (492/1094) were males. Among the 1094 respondents, 497 (45.4% 95%CI 42.5–48.4) had at least one neurological disorder. The raw prevalences of the conditions were: tension-type headaches (26.9%), migraine (14.3%); peripheral neuropathies (5.6%); epilepsy (1.9%); stroke (1.3%), parkinsonism (0.1%). No case of dementia or Parkinson's disease was found. Socio-demographic factors associated with these conditions were as follows: tension-type headaches: age (p=.020); peripheral neuropathies: age (p=0. 000); sex (p=.006); profession (p=.004); marital status (p=.032); and level of education (p=.003); stroke: age (p=.000) and marital status (p=.000). Conclusion: These results point to a high prevalence of neurological disorders in Titirou
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Soumis le : jeudi 5 novembre 2020 - 11:31:41
Dernière modification le : samedi 26 mars 2022 - 04:24:33

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Thierry Adoukonou, Laurine Adogblé, Mendinatou Agbétou, Dieu Donné Gnonlonfoun, Dismand Houinato, et al.. Prevalence of the major neurological disorders in a semi-urban community in northern Benin. eNeurologicalSci, 2020, 19, pp.100242. ⟨10.1016/j.ensci.2020.100242⟩. ⟨hal-02989650⟩



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