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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of the Neurological Sciences Année : 2021

Onchocerciasis in tropical neurology: A scoping review

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Résumé

Background: Onchocerciasis is a serious problem in tropical areas. The role of the parasite as a factor associated with neurological diseases needs to be addressed because it might involve a reduction of the risk via elimination strategies. We performed a systematic scoping review to identify available studies on this association and put into perspective the different methodological approaches for interpreting the evidence. Methodology: A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE (Pubmed) through October 1, 2020. We included all the studies evaluating the association between onchocerciasis and four neurological diseases (epilepsy, nodding syndrome, Nakalanga syndrome, and encephalitis) in tropical countries. A descriptive and critical summary of the results was conducted to provide an overview of the findings. Results: Overall, 161 articles were identified in the literature search. After full-length examination, we included twelve articles for epilepsy and three for nodding syndrome. Two meta-analyses of case-control studies found a modest strength of the association between O. volvulus and epilepsy. Recent meta-analyses and original studies support a significant association. Epidemiological studies suggest an association between onchocerciasis and nodding syndrome, however, the level of evidence from case-control studies was relatively low. No measure of association was reported for Nakalanga syndrome. There was no specific study on the association between O. volvulus and encephalitis. Conclusion: The association between onchocerciasis and epilepsy seems increasingly likely. However, there are still many unanswered questions about the different clinical presentations of this epilepsy. Strong international collaboration is essential to improve our understanding of risk factors and physiopathological mechanisms of these intriguing conditions.
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Dates et versions

hal-03123585 , version 1 (28-01-2021)

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Jaime Luna, Salvatore Metanmo, Farid Boumédiène, Pascal Mbelesso, Emilie Auditeau, et al.. Onchocerciasis in tropical neurology: A scoping review. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 2021, 421, pp.117314. ⟨10.1016/j.jns.2021.117314⟩. ⟨hal-03123585⟩
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