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X-ray-free protocol for pectus deformities based on magnetic resonance imaging and a low-cost portable three-dimensional scanning device: a preliminary study

Abstract : OBJECTIVES To compare a standard protocol using chest computed tomography (CT) to a non-irradiant protocol involving a low-cost portable 3D scanner and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for all pectus deformities based on the Haller index (HI). METHODS From April 2019 to March 2020, all children treated for pectus excavatum or carinatum at our institution were evaluated by chest CT, 3D scanning (iPad with Structure Sensor and Captevia—Rodin4D) and MRI. The main objectives were to compare the HI determined by CT or MRI to a derived index evaluated with 3D scanning, the external Haller index (EHI). The secondary objectives were to assess the inter-rater variability and the concordance between CT and MRI for the HI and the correction index. RESULTS Eleven patients were evaluated. We identified a strong correlation between the HI with MRI and the EHI (Pearson correlation coefficient = 0.900; P < 0.001), with a strong concordance between a radiologist and a non-radiologist using intra-class correlation for the HI with MRI (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.995; [0.983; 0.999]) and the EHI (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.978; [0.823; 0.995]). We also identified a marked correlation between the HI with CT and the EHI (Pearson coefficient = 0.855; P = 0.002), with a strong inter-rater concordance (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.975; [0.901; 0.993]), a reliable concordance between CT and MRI for the HI and the correction index (Pearson coefficient = 0.886; P = 0.033). CONCLUSIONS Non-irradiant pectus deformity assessment is possible in clinical practice, replacing CT with MRI and 3D scanning as a possible readily-accessible monitoring tool.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03154725
Contributeur : Elisabeth Grelier <>
Soumis le : lundi 1 mars 2021 - 11:24:44
Dernière modification le : mardi 2 mars 2021 - 03:10:46

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Marc-Samir Guillot, Aymeric Rouchaud, Charbel Mounayer, Jeremy Tricard, Alexis Belgacem, et al.. X-ray-free protocol for pectus deformities based on magnetic resonance imaging and a low-cost portable three-dimensional scanning device: a preliminary study. Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2021, ⟨10.1093/icvts/ivab036⟩. ⟨hal-03154725⟩

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