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Mental health capacity building in Mali by training rural general practitioners and raising community awareness

Abstract : Introduction: despite the high prevalence and significant burden of mental disorders, they remain grossly under-diagnosed and undertreated. In low-income countries, such as Mali, integrating mental health services into primary care is the most viable way of closing the treatment gap. This program aimed to provide a mental health training intervention to rural general practitioners (GPs), to organize community awareness activities, and to evaluate the impact on mental health knowledge and through the number of new patients diagnosed with mental disorders and managed by these general practitioners. Methods: a pre-test/post-test design and the monthly monitoring of the number of new patients diagnosed with mental disorders by the trained GPs were used to evaluate the effect of the training interventions (two face-to-face group training workshops followed by individual follow-up supervisions) and of the community awareness activities. Results: the mean knowledge score of the 19 GPs who completed the initial 12-day group training raised from 24.6/100 at baseline, to 61.5/100 after training (p<0.001), a 150% increase. Among them, sixteen completed the second 6-day group training with a mean score increasing from 50.2/100 to 70.1/100 (p<0.001), a 39.6% improvement. Between July 2018 and June 2020, 2,396 new patients were diagnosed with a mental disorder by the 19 GPs who took part in the program. Conclusion: despite limited data regarding the effect of the community awareness component at this stage, the findings from this study suggest that the training intervention improved GPs' knowledge and skills, resulting in a significant number of new patients being identified and managed.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03325357
Contributeur : Elisabeth Grelier <>
Soumis le : mardi 24 août 2021 - 16:29:12
Dernière modification le : mercredi 1 septembre 2021 - 10:43:43

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Oumar Poudiougou, Pierre-Emile Bruand, Pakuy Pierre Mounkoro, Jean-Michel Gaglione, Karamoko Nimaga, et al.. Mental health capacity building in Mali by training rural general practitioners and raising community awareness. The Pan African Medical Journal, Pan African Medical Center for Public Health Research and Information, 2021, 38, pp.389. ⟨10.11604/pamj.2021.38.389.26838⟩. ⟨hal-03325357⟩

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