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First isolation and genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii strains from domestic animals in Tunisia

Abstract : Abstract The isolation and molecular typing of Toxoplasma gondii strains provide an essential basis for a better understanding of the parasite’s genetic diversity, determinants of its geographical distribution and associated risks to human health. In this study, we isolated and genetically characterized T. gondii strains from domestic animals in Southern and coastal area of Tunisia. Blood, hearts and/or brains were collected from 766 domestic animals (630 sheep and 136 free-range chickens). Strain isolation from these samples was performed using mouse bioassay and genotyping was carried out with a multiplex PCR technique using 15 microsatellite markers. Thirty viable strains of T. gondii were successfully isolated from tissues of sheep (19/142) and chickens (11/33). In addition, 3 strains could be successfully genotyped from animal tissues for which mouse bioassay was unsuccessful. A large predominance of type II strains (n = 29) was found in the sampled regions, followed by type III (n = 3) and, for the first time in Tunisia, a single isolate of Africa 4 lineage from a sheep. Analyses of population genetics showed the presence of a divergent population of type II lineage in Tunisia, supporting limited recent migrations of strains between Tunisia and other countries of the world.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03401649
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Soumis le : lundi 25 octobre 2021 - 14:09:21
Dernière modification le : mardi 26 octobre 2021 - 16:20:32

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Arwa Lachkhem, Lokman Galal, Ibtissem Lahmar, Karine Passebosc, Homayoun Riahi, et al.. First isolation and genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii strains from domestic animals in Tunisia. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11 (1), pp.9328. ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-88751-1⟩. ⟨hal-03401649⟩

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