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Prevalence of tachyphagia at lunch and associated factors in a population of workers

Abstract : Purpose: Obesity is a public health problem worldwide. The eating habits of French workers need to be clarified. In particular, tachyphagia (meal lasting < 15 min) promotes weight gain. The present study aimed to investigate the presence of tachyphagia at lunchtime, the factors associated with tachyphagia, and the relationship between tachyphagia and obesity among workers. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between January and May 2016 in five departments of occupational medicine. An anonymous self-administered questionnaire was used to gather general declarative data, such as weight and height (to calculate body mass index [BMI]) and information about lunchtime habits, including the time spent eating. Results: A total of 415 workers with a mean age of 41.1 ± 12.6 years were included. The mean BMI was 23.8 ± 4.6 kg/m2, and the prevalence of obesity was 15.9%. Tachyphagia occurred in 20.3% of the cases and was more frequent in younger workers. Multivariate analysis revealed that skipping meals, eating standing up, and eating fast food were positively associated with tachyphagia (p = 0.015, p = 0.028, and p = 0.027, respectively). Older age and eating with colleagues/friends were negatively associated with tachyphagia (p = 0.003 and p < 0.0001, respectively). No significant association was observed between tachyphagia and obesity. Conclusion: Our study provides important information about the lunchtime habits of workers. Maintaining commensality is crucial, particularly in young workers. Companies should play a role in organising their employees' lunch breaks. Level III Evidence obtained from well-designed cohort or case-control analytic studies.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03403386
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Soumis le : mardi 26 octobre 2021 - 10:30:51
Dernière modification le : mercredi 27 octobre 2021 - 03:26:31

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Laurence Salle, Claire Millotte, Marion Vergonjeanne, Michel Druet-Cabanac, Marie Perrier, et al.. Prevalence of tachyphagia at lunch and associated factors in a population of workers. Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, Springer Verlag, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s40519-021-01295-1⟩. ⟨hal-03403386⟩

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