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Article Dans Une Revue Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety Année : 2022

Management of epilepsy in Lebanon: medication reviews and drug‐related problems


Purpose: The goal of epilepsy treatment is to control seizures without drug related problems (DRPs). The evaluation of anti-seizure drugs (ASD) strategies and identification of DRPs are rarely studied. This study aimed primarily to evaluate the choice of ASD according to international guidelines and secondarily to identify and describe anti-seizure drug-related problems. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during one year among Lebanese adults with epilepsy attending neurology clinics. The choice of ASD was compared to National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines. Drug-drug interactions were evaluated by the Lexicomp database, and the DRP classification was performed using the Pharmaceutical Care Network Europe classification. Results: Four hundred and four patients with epilepsy were included. The prescription for an ASD was in accordance with the indication set in guidelines in 75.0% of population, and 1078 DRPs were identified. The main DRPs detected were adverse drug reactions (51.0%), inappropriate combinations of drugs (50.0%), and suboptimal drug regimens (46.3%). Single and divorced patients, who living in Mount Lebanon, and who took the old with the new generation had a less risk to have an inadequate prescription to guidelines. However, female gender, controlled epilepsy, multiple ASDs, and living in a rural region increased DRPs. Conclusions: This study showed that quarter of the population used ASDs contraindicated according to international guidelines. Since DRPs were related to the number and type of ASD prescribed, it is important to assess the case of each patient by a clinical pharmacist to prevent drug-drug interactions and iatrogenic issues.
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Dates et versions

hal-03547047 , version 1 (28-01-2022)



Lara Mroueh, Amal Al‐hajje, Pascale Salameh, Pierre‐marie Preux, Farid Boumediene, et al.. Management of epilepsy in Lebanon: medication reviews and drug‐related problems. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 2022, 31 (5), pp.583-591. ⟨10.1002/pds.5409⟩. ⟨hal-03547047⟩
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