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COVID-19 pandemic and mental health in Lebanon: a cross-sectional study

Abstract : Objectives: To evaluate depression, stress, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive behaviours in the Lebanese population in response to COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March and April 2020 on 386 participants randomly recruited from Lebanese general population. Results: Following the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic in Lebanon compared to was not significantly associated with higher stress, higher depression, lower obsessive-compulsive traits, higher anxiety. Moreover, higher compulsion (Beta = 0.092), having a university level of education (Beta = 0.573), intermediate income (Beta = 1.889), following the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic in Lebanon all of the time (Beta = 7.064), most of the time (Beta = 5.592), sometimes (Beta = 4.235) and little of the time (Beta = 7.676) were significantly associated with a higher hygienic prevention practices score. Higher age (Beta = -0.051), being a male (Beta = -1.432), higher depression (Beta = -0.083) and practicing religion some of the time (Beta = -0.826) were significantly associated with a lower hygienic prevention practices score. Conclusion: This study found a strong interrelationship between psychological stress, depression, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive traits during the COVID-19 pandemic and identified the most vulnerable sub-groups in the Lebanese population. Additional measures should be deployed by health authorities in Lebanon and worldwide to face the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health.Key pointsFollowing the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic in Lebanon compared to not was significantly associated with higher stress, higher depression, lower obsessive-compulsive disorder, higher anxiety.Higher compulsion, having a university level of education, following the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic in Lebanon were significantly associated with a higher hygienic prevention practices score.Higher depression, male gender, and practicing religion some of the time were significantly associated with a lower hygienic prevention practices score.Additional measures should be deployed by health authorities in Lebanon and worldwide to face the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health.
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Soumis le : mardi 15 février 2022 - 16:02:32
Dernière modification le : samedi 26 mars 2022 - 04:24:18

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Radwan El Othman, Elsie Touma, Rola El Othman, Chadia Haddad, Rabih Hallit, et al.. COVID-19 pandemic and mental health in Lebanon: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, Informa Healthcare, 2021, 25 (2), pp.152-163. ⟨10.1080/13651501.2021.1879159⟩. ⟨hal-03575623⟩

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