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Emotional eating among Lebanese adults: scale validation, prevalence and correlates

Abstract : Objectives: The present study aimed at developing an Arabic version of the Emotional Eating Scale (EES) and examining its reliability and validity among a sample of the Lebanese population. The secondary objective was to evaluate the correlation between emotional eating and body dissatisfaction along with depression and/or self-esteem among a representative sample of the Lebanese population. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between January and May 2018. The sample was drawn proportionately from all Lebanese Mohafazat. Results: All items could be extracted from the list, except items 17 and 19. The EES items converged over a solution of four factors that had an Eigenvalue over 1, explaining a total of 67.06% of the variance (KMO = 0.939; Bartlett's test of sphericity p < 0.001; αCronbach = 0.952). A higher body dissatisfaction was significantly associated with higher emotional eating (β = 0.31) and lower self-esteem (β = - 0.054); however, no significant association was found with depression. Self-esteem and depression were not found to be significantly associated with emotional eating. When introducing depression and self-esteem as mediator factors for body dissatisfaction and emotional eating, body dissatisfaction did not remain significantly associated with emotional eating. Conclusion: In this study, the Emotional Eating Scale was validated in Arabic among the Lebanese adult population, making this scale usable in further Lebanese research. Moreover, our results showed that body dissatisfaction was positively correlated with emotional eating and self-esteem, but not with depression. A positive association between body dissatisfaction and emotional eating was also demonstrated. This research offers new perspectives for the evaluation of emotional eating among the Lebanese adult population.
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Soumis le : mardi 1 mars 2022 - 10:43:01
Dernière modification le : samedi 26 mars 2022 - 04:25:27

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Clara Rahme, Sahar Obeid, Hala Sacre, Chadia Haddad, Rabih Hallit, et al.. Emotional eating among Lebanese adults: scale validation, prevalence and correlates. Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, Springer Verlag, 2021, 26 (4), pp.1069-1078. ⟨10.1007/s40519-020-01001-7⟩. ⟨hal-03592250⟩

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