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Article Dans Une Revue La Presse Médicale Année : 2015

[Shouting in dementia].

Les cris récurrents chez le patient atteint de démence

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Résumé

Shouting in dementia is a frequent manifestation in institution and is often considered to be extremely disruptive. It remains the most misunderstood behavioral disorder. Shouting or screaming is not a necessarily pejorative qualifier as defined by public authorities and institutions. It can take a multitude of meanings and be characterized alternately as a "reflex", a "behavior", a "language", an "aggression". Shouting has a multifactorial causation. It can translate organic or somatic disorders, but also psychological, cognitive and/or environmental disturbances that clinicians should look for. The 5W method is a reliable and easy to use method in clinical practice to allow analysis of shouting in dementia. There is still too early and massive use of pharmacological approach in taking charge of the repetitive shouts in dementia. Instead, it is necessary to use a first-line non-pharmacological approach based on patient-centered, environment-centered and/or entourage-centered interventions after careful multidisciplinary assessment of this behaviour by the healthcare team.
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Dates et versions

hal-03601840 , version 1 (08-03-2022)

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Benjamin Calvet, Jean-Pierre Clément. Les cris récurrents chez le patient atteint de démence. La Presse Médicale, 2015, 44 (2), pp.150-158. ⟨10.1016/j.lpm.2014.05.029⟩. ⟨hal-03601840⟩
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