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Transcriptome Analysis of Plasmodium falciparum Isolates From Benin Reveals Specific Gene Expression Associated With Cerebral Malaria

Abstract : Abstract Cerebral malaria (CM) is the severest form of Plasmodium falciparum infection. Children under 5 years old are those most vulnerable to CM, and they consequently have the highest risk of malaria-related death. Parasite-associated factors leading to CM are not yet fully elucidated. We therefore sought to characterize the gene expression profile associated with CM, using RNA sequencing data from 15 CM and 15 uncomplicated malaria isolates from Benin. Cerebral malaria parasites displayed reduced circulation times, possibly related to higher cytoadherence capacity. Consistent with the latter, we detected increased var genes abundance in CM isolates. Differential expression analyses showed that distinct transcriptome profiles are signatures of malaria severity. Genes involved in adhesion, excluding variant surface antigens, were dysregulated, supporting the idea of increased cytoadhesion capacity of CM parasites. Finally, we found dysregulated expression of genes in the entry into host pathway that may reflect greater erythrocyte invasion capacity of CM parasites.
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https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03675332
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Soumis le : lundi 23 mai 2022 - 09:44:31
Dernière modification le : mercredi 1 juin 2022 - 04:17:40

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Gwladys Bertin, Olivier Taboureau, Nicolas Argy, Michel Cot, Sandrine Houzé, et al.. Transcriptome Analysis of Plasmodium falciparum Isolates From Benin Reveals Specific Gene Expression Associated With Cerebral Malaria. Journal of Infectious Diseases, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2022, ⟨10.1093/infdis/jiac086⟩. ⟨hal-03675332⟩

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