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Prevalence and factors associated to gestational diabetes mellitus among pregnant women in Libreville: a cross-sectional study

Abstract : Introduction: mainly occurring in low and middle income countries, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) represents 84% of hyperglycemia during pregnancy throughout the world. Moreover, being black is a risk factor to develop the disease. Our objective was to determine the prevalence and the associated factors of GDM in Libreville (Gabon). Methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out. Known diabetic women were excluded from the study and we had submitted asymptomatic pregnant women to a 2 steps 75g oral glucose tolerance test (T0-T2H), regardless of the stage of pregnancy at the moment of recruitment. The threshold for positivity was set at blood glucose level ≥ 8.5mmol/L World Health Organization (WHO 2013 threshold) and ≥ 7.8mmol/L (WHO 1999 threshold). Data were analyzed using Statview® for descriptive statistics, for both bivariate and multivariate analysis. Results: among 245 participants, we have found a GDM prevalence of 10.2% according to WHO 1999 threshold and 4.5% according to WHO 2013 threshold. Applying the WHO 1999 threshold, the associated factors were high maternal weight (p= 0.0498), overweight at recruitment (p=0.0246), personal history of GDM (p< 0.0001), age becomes an associated factor only if it is combined with high parity (p=0.0061). ceaserian-section and macrosomia were the two outcomes of GDM. Conclusion: Libreville has a high prevalence of GDM when the WHO 1999 criteria is compared to the WHO 2013 criteria. Discordance is also found with the identified associated factors. Further studies are needed to better appreciate gestational diabetes in Gabon.
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Soumis le : jeudi 9 juin 2022 - 15:17:25
Dernière modification le : vendredi 10 juin 2022 - 03:41:16

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Elisabeth Lendoye, Edgard Brice Ngoungou, Opheelia Makoyo Komba, Benjamin Ollomo, Marie-Andrée N’negue-Mezui, et al.. Prevalence and factors associated to gestational diabetes mellitus among pregnant women in Libreville: a cross-sectional study. The Pan African Medical Journal, Pan African Medical Center for Public Health Research and Information, 2022, 41, ⟨10.11604/pamj.2022.41.129.28710⟩. ⟨hal-03692124⟩

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