Structural, mechanical and optical investigations in the TeO2-rich part of the TeO2–GeO2–ZnO ternary glass system

Nabila Ghribi 1, 2 Maggy Colas 2, * Jean-René Duclere 2 Fanny Gouraud 3 Thierry Chotard 3 R. Karray 1 A. Kabadou 1, 2 Philippe Thomas 2
* Auteur correspondant
2 SPCTS-AXE3 - Axe 3 : organisation structurale multiéchelle des matériaux
SPCTS - Science des Procédés Céramiques et de Traitements de Surface
3 Axe 1 : procédés céramiques
SPCTS - Science des Procédés Céramiques et de Traitements de Surface
Abstract : Stable glasses are successfully synthesized in the TeO2-GeO2-ZnO system at 850 C by the meltquenching method and the glass forming domain is determined in the TeO2-rich part of the diagram. The thermal study, carried out using differential scanning calorimetry, reveals that the glass transition temperature, as well as the thermal stability, increases with the addition of ZnO or GeO2. Bulk glass samples are elaborated within two series of compositions, corresponding to fixed concentrations in GeO2 (respectively 5 or 10 mol. %), and to various contents in ZnO. Structural changes caused by the ZnO addition are discussed based on Raman spectroscopy data. A progressive but very moderate network depolymerization is shown with increasing amount of ZnO. However, two different regimes can be identified, depending on the ZnO content. It is believed that ZnO acts as a network modifier for compositions below 20 mol. %, and starts to participate as a glass network former over such concentration. It is well evidenced that GeO2 contributes to the increase in Young's modulus E, evaluated from ultrasonic echography measurements. In addition, this oxide favors the network reticulation detected by the decrease of the Poisson ratio and the increase of the fractal bond connectivity. However, the role of ZnO is more complicated and will be extensively discussed. The decrease in the atomic packing density Cg probably explains the global evolution of E as a function of ZnO content. The refractive indices and optical band gap energies are extracted from UV-Visible-NIR optical transmission data. For the studied glasses, it is found that the transmission threshold decreases with larger ZnO contents, reflecting the increase in the optical band gap value. Refractive index is finally seen to decrease as a function of both ZnO and GeO2 contents. Such variation is explained by the decrease of the molar electronic polarizability, and by the lower optical basicity values known for TeO3 entities in comparison to TeO4 units.
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Soumis le : mardi 13 janvier 2015 - 11:09:13
Dernière modification le : dimanche 2 juin 2019 - 10:02:53

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Nabila Ghribi, Maggy Colas, Jean-René Duclere, Fanny Gouraud, Thierry Chotard, et al.. Structural, mechanical and optical investigations in the TeO2-rich part of the TeO2–GeO2–ZnO ternary glass system. Solid State Sciences, Elsevier, 2015, 40, pp.20-30. ⟨10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2014.12.009⟩. ⟨hal-01102593⟩

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